Inhalt dieses Beitrages
- 1 Visit Bornholm
- 2 Why Bornholm?
- 3 Where is Bornholm and how do you get there?
- 4 Bornholm’s places
- 5 Information about Bornholm
- 6 The green belt of the canyon valleys
- 7 Frequently asked questions about Bornholm
- 7.1 Is Bornholm an island?
- 7.2 Is Bornholm car free?
- 7.3 What does the ferry to Bornholm cost?
- 7.4 What do you have to see on Bornholm?
- 7.5 Why is Bornholm part of Denmark?
- 7.6 How big is the island of Bornholm?
- 7.7 How do I get from Hamburg to Bornholm?
- 7.8 What does Bornholm mean?
- 7.9 Does Bornholm belong to Germany?
- 7.10 Why is Denmark part of Bornholm?
- 7.11 Sunset on Bornholm where?
On Bornholm you can switch off, leave the old life for a while and enter a decelerated, calm, ideal world. Everyone is relaxed on Bornholm – locals and holidaymakers. The island location ensures seclusion from the rest of the continent. Nobody can follow here that easily. When you have left the ferry in Roenne in your car, you automatically switch to vacation. Gone are the days of traffic jams and stress, parking fees and traffic jams, annoyed people in shopping centers and bosses. Here on Bornholm you have a lot of space. You have the beach almost to yourself. The holiday homes are on large plots. Noise is unknown on Bornholm.
Bornholm combines the nature of Europe on a single island. Only Mallorca can keep up here. In the south you will find the widest sandy beaches with the finest beach. Most of the holiday homes are also located here. The north is rocky with sandy bays (like in the Mediterranean) and great hotels with gourmet cuisine and SPA offers. Let Bornholm enchant you. You will come back – guaranteed.
Where is Bornholm and how do you get there?
The island of Bornholm can only be reached by ferry from Germany, Sweden or Denmark. The ferries to Bornholm depart from the ferry port Sassnitz (Germany), ferry port Ystad (Sweden) and ferry port Køge (Denmark). It should be noted that high-speed ferries are available on some routes, but the timetables may differ depending on the time of year. The main provider for crossings to Bornholm is here https://www.bornholmslinjen.de . The timetable can be viewed on the Bornholmslinjen website.
From the Sassnitz ferry port, ferries now travel to Bornholm all year round. Tickets for the crossing to Bornholm can be booked online around the clock, for example with the new Hammershus ferry.
On the Sassnitz Bornholm ferry, passengers can take their caravans, mobile homes, cars and other cargo with them without any problems, but this must be specified when booking. Bringing bicycles and motorbikes to Bornholm is also very popular.
The shipping company Bornholmslinjen (Bolslinjen) brings you all year round with daily departures from Sassnitz on the island of Rügen to Rönne, the main town on Bornholm. The ferry crossing to Bornholm takes about 3.5 hours on the relatively short route and is quite pleasant to spend. There are plenty of comfortable seating and lounging areas on the ferry, as well as restaurants and shops. There is a playroom for children.
If you do not want to travel from Sassnitz (Rügen) to Bornholm, you can also travel over the mainland in the direction of Copenhagen or Ystad (Sweden) and from there take fast ferries to Bornholm.
Ferry Sassnitz Bornholm timetable
Timetable ferry Sassnitz Rönne
Lively city in the north
Small seaside resort with a dream beach
Seaside resort in the south with the widest beaches
Information about Bornholm
The island of Bornholm is not called the sunny island of Denmark for nothing. The island is characterized by the mild, almost Mediterranean climate. You can look forward to more hours of sunshine on Bornholm than in any other part of Denmark. Compared to other regions, Bornholm also has less precipitation. Fig trees, which otherwise only grow in the Mediterranean, can be found all over Bornholm.
The weather on Bornholm is particularly mild. They say that summer comes a little later here on Bornholm, but it stays a little longer. The weather on Bornholm in July and August is characterized by summer temperatures that never go extreme. While it can be 37 ° C in Germany, it stays below 30 ° C on Bornholm, more likely a maximum of 27 ° C. This is a wonderful thing, especially for circulatory patients. By the way, the sun shines at least once every day.
September on Bornholm is also beautiful with temperatures around 20 ° C. There are still many hours of sunshine and the Baltic Sea still invites you to swim. The weather in October for the autumn holidays is also nice, but the water in the Baltic Sea has now cooled down quite a bit.
The reason for the mild climate on Bornholm is its location in the middle of the Baltic Sea. The island of Bornholm cools in summer and provides an open cloud cover and warms in autumn. This special Bornholm climate ensures that plants grow here, which one would otherwise expect to be found in more southerly regions.
Most of the hours of sunshine on Bornholm can be found in the south, near Dueodde, Nexö and Balka. There are no mountains here that can attract clouds, so for sunbathers it is the best choice to spend a Bornholm vacation here.
With a total area of around 590 square kilometers, Bornholm is the easternmost island and municipality in Denmark and belongs to the administrative district of Hovedstaden. The history of the popular holiday island, initially shaped by agriculture and fishing, gained a reputation as a militarily important naval base in the 17th century, before a lively mining industry developed two centuries later. Today, many of Bornholm’s almost 41,000 residents make their living from tourism, fish smokers and the production of handcrafted glass products and stoneware.
Anyone who discovers Bornholm with open eyes and a good feel for the island’s natural beauties will be delighted with the almost overburdened vegetation in all its typical and varied facets. On Bornholm, too, the vegetation was and is formed by natural influences such as climate, soil, rock formation and shapes or the prevailing water balance.
The green belt of the canyon valleys
An endemic flora, which, in biological terms, only occurs in a specific, spatially delimited environment, is unknown on Bornholm. The attentive observer, on the other hand, will notice the pronounced canyon valleys of the island, which from certain vantage points present themselves as a grandiose green, dense band of tree tops.
Most of Bornholm’s vegetation consists of pronounced red beech forests (Fagus sylvatica). These tree species can be found from Central to Eastern Europe, north to southern Sweden, southern England and in Norway even in close proximity to the sea as far as the Lofoten Islands. In the south and south-eastern Alps, they mainly form the natural tree line, and above a mountain height of around 1,000 meters they are replaced by conifers such as spruce.
The already mentioned ravine forests with their partly humid climate consist on the one hand of sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus), a predominantly deciduous deciduous tree, on the other hand of mountain elm (Ulmus glabra, elected tree of the year in 1992) or the so-called common ash (Fraxinus), which is part of the Plant genus of the olive family counts. The pine forests on the Bornholm “dune sands” near Dueodde are also worth mentioning. You will look in vain for conifers that do not naturally grow on the island. This type of plant is mainly found in the temperate areas of the northern hemisphere, but also in large parts of the tropics. This fact suggests the good soil quality of the island, since coniferous plants are also considered biologically as pioneer plants that only grow on soils that offer other seed plants only inadequate growth conditions.
Frequently asked questions about Bornholm
Is Bornholm an island?
Yes, Bornholm is an island. It is the largest island in Denmark. It’s an island just off mainland Sweden. At its highest point, the island reaches a height of 445 m above sea level.
It has a salt water lake, granite and gabbro batholiths. It is the largest reservoir of bromine in the world.
It is partly covered with forest, but due to its location it has the highest average population density in Denmark.
Is Bornholm car free?
No, on Bornholm you can drive your car or mobile home as normal. The ferries to Bornholm offer enough space for all means of transport.
What does the ferry to Bornholm cost?
A return trip to Sassnitz / Roenne in a normal car costs around 240 euros for a family of four.
What do you have to see on Bornholm?
You should at least have seen the medieval castle Hammershus, the Mediterranean town of Gudhjem and the top 30 European beach In Dueodde on Bornholm to be able to have a say.
Why is Bornholm part of Denmark?
Basically because the people of Bornholm decided to want to belong to Denmark. After a plundering rule by the Lübeckers and Swedes, protection by Denmark was the best choice for the Bornholmers. It is worthwhile to delve deeper into the history of Bornholm.
How big is the island of Bornholm?
Bornholm is 588km2 and is about half the size of the island of Rügen or three times larger than Fehmarn.
How do I get from Hamburg to Bornholm?
The best thing is to drive on the A20 to only the island of Rügen, then on the B96 to Sassniz and there on the ferry to Bornholm.
What does Bornholm mean?
There are different theories. It is believed that the Burgundians came from this island. That is why the island was called Burgundarholmr as early as the 8th century.
Does Bornholm belong to Germany?
No, Bornholm belongs to Denmark after a long and eventful history!
Why is Denmark part of Bornholm?
After the Bornholm residents drove out the Lübeckers and the Swedish occupiers, the Bornholmers decided that they would rather live under the protection of the Danish state.
Sunset on Bornholm where?
You can enjoy the most beautiful sunsets from Hammershus Castle and Hammerhavn. Bring a picnic blanket and a wine 🙂